DevOps

The Top 5 Software Debugging Tools

Explore the Top 5 Software Debugging Tools recognized for their code analysis, error identification, and troubleshooting features to streamline the software development and debugging process.

The Top 5 Software Debugging Tools include:
  • 1. GDB
  • 2. Google Chrome DevTools
  • 3. LLDB
  • 4. Microsoft Visual Studio Debugger
  • 5. Valgrind

Debugging Tools play a crucial role in software development, making the task of identifying and resolving coding issues easier. Debugging involves a process of detecting, assessing, then eliminating errors within a computer program. It may come as no surprise that the time spent debugging can be significantly reduced with the right set of tools. A powerful debugger can speed up the process, providing functionality such as stepping through code, setting breakpoints, inspecting variables, and tracking exceptions.

The market is inundated with numerous debugging tools, each with their own unique insights into your code’s behavior. These tools are generally paired with an Integrated Development Environment (IDE), supporting various languages, frameworks, and methodologies. The right debugging tool can save developers countless hours that might otherwise be spent combing through logs, enabling them to work more productively and proficiently.

This guide will present the top five debugging tools and consider their unique features such as real-time monitoring, breakpoint management, interface intuitiveness, and language flexibility.

GDB Logo

GDB, or the GNU Project Debugger, is a tool that allows users to track the activities within a program as it executes, or in moments of crash. Essential to numerous software developers, GDB permits the launch of programs under specific parameters, provides the capability of pausing program operation under determined conditions, allows examination of instances when a program halts, and facilitates necessary changes in the program, thereby enabling developers to understand, debug, and correct errors.

GDB functions on several UNIX and Microsoft Windows variants and macOS. It serves as a platform for a variety of languages, including Ada, Assembly, C, C++, D, Fortran, Go, Objective-C, OpenCL, Modula-2, Pascal, and Rust. GDB’s simplified interface assists in parsing complex code snippets and enables variable printing and stack inspection.

Not only does it effectively aid in debugging C and C++ code by printing backtraces upon encountering fatal errors like segfaults, but it also assists in unravelling synchronization issues in multithreaded applications. GDB delivers core dump analysis post-program crashes, shedding light on the root problems. Consequently, GDB contributes to businesses through the identification and resolution of coding errors that could potentially affect application performance, improving the bug fix process, thereby reducing time spent on software testing and accelerating the delivery of high-quality applications.

In terms of usability, GDB is a versatile tool with strong debugging capabilities, and flexibility across multiple platforms and programming languages. While it does not claim to be a comprehensive solution, GDB’s range of powerful features make it an invaluable tool in the software development life cycle.

GDB Logo
Google Logo

Google Chrome DevTools is a suite of web development tools integrated into the Google Chrome browser. Its main purpose is to assist in editing web pages in real-time and promptly diagnosing issues, contributing to a more efficient and enhanced website development process.

This toolkit allows for quick task execution, giving developers accessibility to specific shortcuts for running commands, opening files, and other actions. The JavaScript disable feature visualizes how a web page appears and operates when JavaScript is not enabled.

The toolkit offers various features for better web development. These include simulating mobile devices for building mobile-first websites, searching across loaded resources, viewing and editing a page’s DOM and CSS, logging messages, and running JavaScript. It also provides features for evaluating site performance and identifying memory issues that could impact page performance, such as memory leaks and bloat, as well as frequent garbage collections.

Its additional functionalities include inspecting, modifying, and debugging web apps, recording, replaying, and measuring user flows, as well as detecting and fixing website problems. The tool also ensures a website’s full protection by HTTPS through its security panel. Overall, Chrome DevTools offers a comprehensive and user-friendly development environment within the Chrome browser which supports a variety of functions that cater to different aspects of web development.

Google Logo
LLDB Logo

LLDB, a high-performance debugger, serves as a next-gen innovation that is constructed with reusable components. Integrated with various libraries encompassed within the larger LLVM Project, such as the Clang expression parser and LLVM disassembler, LLDB provides a significant debugging solution. As the default debugger on macOS’ Xcode, LLDB supports debugging for C, Objective-C, and C++ on desktop, iOS devices, and simulators. Access to all LLDB coding rests under the Apache 2.0 License with LLVM exceptions.

LLDB not only provides an accessible command interface for debugging, but it also integrates well with other software operations. The debugger transitions debug information into Clang types, leveraging the Clang compiler infrastructure. This ability enables LLDB to incorporate the most up-to-date C, C++, Objective-C, and Objective-C++ language features and runtimes in expressions with no need for functionality duplication. Additional benefits include multi-line expressions capacity, JIT utilization for expressions, and evaluation of expression Intermediate Representation when JIT is inapplicable.

As part of its reusability feature, LLDB offers access to its debugger APIs as a C++ object-oriented interface in a shared library. The LLDB API can be adopted for debugging as well as symbolication, disassembly, as well as object and symbol file introspection. The API can be used within the LLDB embedded script interpreter and in any python script that incorporates the lldb.py module in standard Python script files.

LLDB Logo
Visual Studio Code Logo

Microsoft Visual Studio Code is a desktop source code editor. It is usable across Windows, macOS, and Linux as well as being equipped with built-in JavaScript, TypeScript, and Node.js support. The application also offers support for numerous languages and runtimes via its extensions like C#, Python, PHP, Go, and .NET. Key features of the Visual Studio Code include IntelliSense that delivers intelligent completions based on variable types, function definitions, and imported modules. This goes beyond the regular syntax highlighting and autocomplete functions.

The Visual Studio Code simplifies debugging process and lets you debug your code directly from the editor, without reverting to print statement debugging. This is facilitated by features like break points, call stacks, and an interactive console. Another built-in feature is the Git command function. This makes working with Git and other SCM providers easy as you can review diffs, stage files, and make commits straight from the editor. You can also push and pull from any hosted SCM service.

To expand its capabilities, you can install extensions and add new languages, debuggers or connect to additional services without slowing down your editor. It also offers easy deployment using Microsoft Azure.

Debugging support is a highlight of Visual Studio Code. It comes with built-in debugging support for Node.js runtime, allowing you to debug JavaScript, TypeScript, or any other language transpiled to JavaScript. There are also numerous extensions to add debugging support for other languages like PHP, Ruby, Go, C#, Python, C++, and PowerShell.

Visual Studio Code Logo
Valgrind Logo

Valgrind is a suite of debugging and profiling tools that incorporate several different programs to provide a full-rounded verification of a business’s system. It features a variety of useful tools including – Memcheck, Cachegrind, Callgrind, Massif, Helgrind, DRD, DHAT, Lackey, Nulgrind, BBV, and SGCheck.

Memcheck is one of the popular tools, mainly designed for programs written in C and C++ that checks memory-management problems by supervising all memory reads and writes, plus intercepting calls to malloc/new/free/delete when a program runs. Its pinpoint accuracy and detailed reports of error locations making it useful for identifying and rectifying issues quickly.

Valgrind also offers Cachegrind, a cache profiler that simulates detailed I1, D1, and L2 caches in your CPU. By doing so, it identifies the sources of cache misses in your code, indicating the number of mismatches in each line of source code. The callgraph information provided by Callgrind, an extension of Cachegrind, is useful for visualizing data and understanding its behavior.

Massif, a heap profiler, delivers regular snapshots of a program’s heap, providing an illustrative graph showing the heap usage over time. It highlights the areas responsible for maximum memory allocations.

The Valgrind toolset also comprises specialized tools like Helgrind for thread debugging, DRD for detecting multithreaded program errors, and DHAT for examining heap allocations. The BBV tool is used for generating basic block vectors, while SGCheck can detecting overruns of stack and global arrays also form an integral part of Valgrind’s offering. Its experimental tools like Lackey and Nulgrind are useful for testing and demonstration purposes.

Valgrind Logo
The Top 5 Software Debugging Tools