Service Mesh act as a dedicated infrastructure layer that can handle service-to-service communication with reliability, security, and efficiency. Service Mesh solutions include a range of features such as load balancing, service discovery, encryption, failure recovery, and traffic management. Together, these features facilitate a seamless and secure network of microservices.
As Service Mesh solutions play a fundamental role in shaping the efficiency and security of microservice architectures, choosing the right solution is imperative. There are a wide range of tools on the market today, each offering their own set of features, benefits, and capabilities.
We have put together a list of the top Service Mesh solutions to help support you through the decision-making process. For each service, we have taken into consideration the technical capabilities, ease of use, integration potential, and customer feedback. This guide aims aid organizations in making an informed decision that aligns with organizational needs and goals.
Everything You Need To Know About Service Mesh Tools (FAQs)
What Are Service Mesh Tools?
A service mesh tool acts as a dedicated infrastructure layer that manages and facilitates the communication between microservices within a containerized or cloud native application environment. In a microservices architecture where applications are composed of a variety of small independent services, it can quickly become a complex task to manage the communication between them. Service mesh tools are designed to address all of the complexities of microservices communication. This is achieved through a set of features and capabilities including service discovery and load balancing.
How Do Service Mesh Tools Work?
A service mesh generally consists of a control plane and a data plane. The control plane works to maintain a central registry that keeps track of all services and their IP addresses, which is known as service discovery. The control plane is able to share with other mesh assets how to communicate with applications, as long as application registry information. It can also enforce rules for how services can communicate and with what. The control plane’s responsibility is to secure the mesh, facilitate service discovery, run health checks, enforce policy, and manage other similar operational concerns. The data plane works to manage the communication between services.
Essentially, a service mesh tool provides users with a variety of capabilities that work to address the challenges of security, observability, reliability, and traffic that can arise in complex, distributed application environments.
What Features Should You Look For In Service Mesh Tools?
Common features typically provided by service mesh tools include:
- Service discovery. Service discovery is the process of automatically detecting devices and services occurring on the computer network. With a service mesh tool in place, users can enable automatic service discovery. This allows microservices to easily locate and communicate with each other, without requiring manual configuration.
- Load balancing. In a service mesh implementation, load balancing makes it possible to handle load and maintain a healthy system. The aim of this is to avoid any single service ending up overloaded and potentially failing as a result. Load balancing also helps by managing traffic spikes, reducing user response time, and maintaining the performance and reliability of computing resources. Service mesh tools provide load balancing to distribute incoming traffic across multiple instances of a service, which then boosts performance and availability.
- Encryption. Service mesh tools provide users with the ability to enforce network traffic encryption and authentication between all services. This plays a critical role in securing communication between microservices and helps to ensure any data transmitted between services remains fully confidential and is secured against unauthorized access or tampering.
- Failure Recovery. A service mesh tool aims to bolster the resiliency and reliability of microservices-based applications so that, if, and when, a failure does occur, there are a range of mechanisms in place to detect, react to, and recover from these issues.
- Traffic management. Sophisticated traffic management tools are typically offered by service mesh solutions to manage important features such as routing, canary deployments, and traffic splitting. Ultimately, these features work in unison to maintain control over the flow of traffic between microservices.
- Monitoring And Tracing. Service mesh tools offer detailed insights into the performance and health of services through monitoring and tracing capabilities, aiding in quick detection and resolution of issues.